NEO-CARBON ENERGY project is one of the Tekes’ – the Finnish Funding Agency for Innovation – strategic research openings. The project is carried out in cooperation with Technical Research Centre of Finland VTT Ltd, Lappeenranta University of Technology LUT and Finland Futures Research Centre FFRC at University of Turku.
Neo-Carbon Energy’s solution is an entirely new energy system based on solar and wind alongside other renewables such as hydro power, geothermal and sustainable biomass. The system will produce energy that is emission-free, cost-effective and independent.
Despite all the efforts to reduce the energy-related greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, the global-scale fact is the annual energy use and emissions have doubled since the 1970s. The proportion of fossil fuels from the global energy use is currently the same – 80% – it was in the 1990s.
The transition to a renewable energy system must begin now to limit global warming to 2°C. To stay on track towards this target annual global GHG emission must peak around 2020 and be halved from the current by 2040.
The current commitments require the EU to build practically emission free energy system ready by 2050.
Global greenhouse gas emissions
VISION FOR THE FUTURE ENERGY SYSTEM
The future energy system solar and wind power provide the large scale solution to the energy supply. These are required to be complemented by flexible use of electricity and finally energy storages.
The energy transition to a distributed production, consumption and storage system is enabled by digitalization. The energy system finally forms the internet of energy, IoE.
Together with the internet of energy renewable energy production, neo-carbon
technologies bridging the energy sectors and finally energy storages enable the future energy
In our vision
- Biomass is not available sustainably in sufficient amounts. Its use has increasing conflict with food production.
- Energy efficiency can be considered as a complementary tool but it may not be globally effective as the energy need is likely to consistently increase with standard of living.
THE THREE PILLARS OF THE ENERGY SYSTEM
In transition to renewables – even before thinking the need for energy storages – one must consider how to electrify the main energy consuming sectors. As the movement of electrons is the form of primary energy in the neo-carbon energy system, we need so called bridging or neocarbonisation technologies linking the primary electricity production to the other forms of end use: heating, cooling, transportation and industrial processes.
Together with the internet of energy renewable energy production, bridging and energy storages enable the future energy system.
THE QUESTION ON CARBON
In the foreseen future the energy system is likely to still need hydrocarbons for various purposes. Fuels, chemicals and materials can be used in transportation and manufacturing industry also in the emission free future if we use CO2 captured from air as a source of carbon. This re-thinking of carbon is in the heart of neo-carbonisation.